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Mandatory Criminal Jury Instructions Handbook 2018

Mandatory Criminal Jury Instructions Handbook 2018 is an indispensable trial preparation aid. It is published in conjunction with the California Center for Judicial Education and Research.

Mandatory Criminal Jury Instructions Handbook 2018 is an indispensable trial preparation aid. It is published in conjunction with the California Center for Judicial Education and Research.

  • General instructions that must be given in every criminal jury trial
  • The trial court’s sua sponte instructional duty
  • Instructions relevant to the specific crimes charged in each case
  • Instructions that must be given in capital cases and sanity proceedings
  • The most common instructional errors
  • References to the Official Judicial Council Jury Instructions (CALCRIM)
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Mandatory Criminal Jury Instructions Handbook 2018 is an indispensable trial preparation aid. It is published in conjunction with the California Center for Judicial Education and Research.

  • General instructions that must be given in every criminal jury trial
  • The trial court’s sua sponte instructional duty
  • Instructions relevant to the specific crimes charged in each case
  • Instructions that must be given in capital cases and sanity proceedings
  • The most common instructional errors
  • References to the Official Judicial Council Jury Instructions (CALCRIM)

1

When Court Must Instruct Sua Sponte

I. [§1.1] SCOPE OF CHAPTER

II. [§1.2] GENERAL RULE ON WHEN INSTRUCTIONS REQUIRED SUA SPONTE

III. [§1.3] EVIDENCE SUFFICIENT TO REQUIRE INSTRUCTION SUA SPONTE

IV. SELECTED GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF LAW REQUIRING INSTRUCTION SUA SPONTE

A. [§1.4] Elements of Offense Charged

B. [§1.5] Intent of Offense Charged

C. [§1.6] Defenses Relevant to Offense Charged

D. [§1.7] Lesser Offenses to Offense Charged

1. [§1.8] When Instruction Required Sua Sponte

2. When Instruction Mandatory on Request

a. [§1.9] Lesser Included Offenses

b. [§1.10] Lesser Related Offenses

3. [§1.11] When Error to Instruct

V. [§1.12] EFFECT OF FAILURE TO GIVE REQUIRED INSTRUCTION SUA SPONTE

A. [§1.13] Erroneous Reasonable Doubt Instruction

B. [§1.14] Failure to Instruct on Lesser Included Offenses

C. [§1.15] Erroneous Instruction on Element of Offense

D. [§1.16] Failure to Instruct on Element of Sentence Enhancement

E. [§1.17] Failure to Instruct on Defense

2

Sua Sponte Instructions

I. [§2.1] SCOPE OF CHAPTER AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE

A. [§2.2] Directions for Use

B. [§2.3] Notes

II. [§2.4] GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE IN THE GUILT PHASE OF ALL CRIMINAL TRIALS

III. USING SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS DEPENDING ON TYPE OF CASE

A. Death Penalty and Insanity Trials

1. [§2.5] Death Penalty Trials

2. [§2.6] Insanity Trials

B. Instructions Relating to Selected Particular Offenses

1. [§2.7] Accessory to Felony (Pen C §32)

2. [§2.8] Arson Offenses (Pen C §§450–456)

3. Assault and Battery Offenses

a. [§2.9] Assault (Pen C §240)

b. [§2.10] Assault With Stun Gun or Less Lethal Weapon (Pen C §244.5(b))

c. [§2.11] Assault With Stun Gun or Less Lethal Weapon on Peace Officer or Firefighter (Pen C §244.5(c))

d. [§2.12] Assault With Deadly Weapon or Firearm, or by Means of Force Likely to Produce Great Bodily Injury (Pen C §245(a)(1)–(2), (4))

e. [§2.13] Assault With Deadly Weapon or Firearm, or by Means of Force Likely to Produce Great Bodily Injury on Peace Officer, Etc. (Pen C §§245(c)–(d)(1), 245.2, 245.3, 245.5(a)–(b))

f. [§2.14] Assault With Semiautomatic Firearm, Machine Gun, Assault Weapon, or .50 BMG Rifle (Pen C §245(a)(3), (b))

g. [§2.15] Assault With Semiautomatic Firearm, Machine Gun, Assault Weapon, or .50 BMG Rifle on Peace Officer, Etc. (Pen C §245(d)(2)–(3))

h. [§2.16] Assault With Intent to Commit Sex Offense (Pen C §220(a)(1))

i. [§2.17] Assault of Minor With Intent to Commit Sex Offense (Pen C §220(a)(2))

j. [§2.18] Assault With Intent to Commit Mayhem (Pen C §220(a)(1))

k. [§2.19] Assault With Intent to Commit Sex Offense During First Degree Burglary (Pen C §220(b))

l. [§2.20] Aggravated Sexual Assault of Child (Pen C §269(a))

m. [§2.21] Assault on Child Under Eight Resulting in Death or Comatose or Paralytic Condition (Pen C §273ab)

n. [§2.22] Battery (Pen C §§242, 243(a))

o. [§2.23] Battery With Serious Bodily Injury (Pen C §243(d))

p. [§2.24] Battery on a Peace Officer, Firefighter, Etc. (Pen C §243(b)–(c))

q. [§2.25] Battery on Spouse, Former Spouse, Etc. (Pen C §243(e))

4. [§2.26] Bribery (Pen C §§67, 67.5(a), 68, 85, 86, 93, 137)

5. [§2.27] Burglary (Pen C §459)

6. [§2.28] Carjacking (Pen C §215)

7. [§2.29] Checks—Insufficient Funds (Pen C §476a)

8. [§2.30] Child, Elder, or Dependent Adult Abuse, Neglect, or Endangerment (Pen C §§273a(a), 368(b)(1))

9. [§2.31] Child, Spouse, and Cohabitant Beating (Pen C §§273d, 273.5)

10. Child Pornography

a. [§2.32] Distributing Obscene Matter Showing Sexual Conduct by a Minor (Pen C §§311.1(a), 311.2(b)–(d))

b. [§2.33] Possessing Matter Depicting Sexual Conduct of a Minor (Pen C §311.11)

c. [§2.34] Using Minor in Creating Pornography (Pen C §311.4(b)–(c))

11. [§2.35] Conspiracy (Pen C §182)

12. Controlled Substances Offenses

a. [§2.36] Marijuana (Health & S C §§11357–11361)

b. [§2.37] Restricted Drugs (Health & S C §§11350–11352, 11353–11355, 11366, 11368, 11377, 11378–11379, 11379.6, 11380, 11382, 11383, 11383.5–11383.7)

c. [§2.38] Possession While Armed (Health & S C §11370.1)

d. [§2.39] Unlawful Possession of Funds in Excess of $100,000 in Connection With Controlled Substances (Health & S C §11370.6)

13. Deadly Weapons and Firearms

a. [§2.40] Possession Offenses

b. [§2.41] Use Offenses (Pen C §§246, 246.3, 247, 417, 417.3, 417.8, 26100)

c. [§2.42] Illegal Possession of Ammunition (Pen C §30305(a))

d. [§2.43] Illegal Possession of Body Armor (Pen C §31360)

14. [§2.44] Destructive Devices and Explosives (Pen C §§18710–18755)

15. [§2.45] Dog or Mischievous Animal Attack (Pen C §§399, 399.5(a))

16. [§2.46] Driving Under Influence, Felony (Veh C §§23152, 23153)

17. [§2.47] Escape (Pen C §4532)

18. [§2.48] Extortion (Pen C §§518–523)

19. [§2.49] Failure to Stop After Vehicle Accident; Felony (Veh C §§20001–20003)

20. [§2.50] False Imprisonment (Pen C §§210.5, 236, 237, 368(f))

21. [§2.51] Flight From Pursuing Peace Officer (Veh C §§2800.1–2800.3)

22. Forgery Offenses

a. [§2.52] Forgery (Pen C §470)

b. [§2.53] Possession of Forged or Unfinished Instrument With Intent to Defraud (Pen C §475)

c. [§2.54] Fictitious Instruments—Making, Possessing, Uttering (Pen C §476)

23. [§2.55] Gang Crime (Pen C §186.22)

24. [§2.56] Homicide Offenses

a. [§2.57] Manslaughter, Involuntary (Pen C §192(b))

b. [§2.58] Manslaughter, Voluntary (Pen C §192(a))

c. [§2.59] Manslaughter, Attempted Voluntary (Pen C §§664, 192(a))

d. [§2.60] Manslaughter, Vehicular (Pen C §§191.5, 192(c))

e. [§2.61] Murder, First Degree—Premeditated (Pen C §189)

f. [§2.62] Murder, First Degree—Felony Murder (Pen C §189)

g. [§2.63] Murder, Second Degree (Pen C §189)

h. [§2.64] Murder, Second Degree—Felony Murder (Pen C §189)

i. [§2.65] Murder, Attempted (Pen C §§664, 189)

j. [§2.66] Murder, Conspiracy to Commit (Pen C §§182, 187)

25. [§2.67] Human Trafficking (Pen C §236.1(a)–(c))

26. [§2.68] Indecent Exposure, Felony (Pen C §314)

27. [§2.69] Intimidation of Witness (Pen C §§136, 136.1)

28. Kidnapping Offenses

a. [§2.70] Kidnapping (Pen C §207(a))

b. [§2.71] Kidnapping for Purpose of Child Molestation (Pen C §207(b))

c. [§2.72] Kidnapping With Intent to Commit Robbery or Sex Offense (Pen C §209(b))

d. [§2.73] Kidnapping for Ransom or Extortion (Pen C §209(a))

e. [§2.74] Kidnapping During Carjacking (Pen C §209.5(a))

29. [§2.75] Mayhem (Pen C §§203, 205)

30. [§2.76] Misappropriation of Public Funds (Pen C §§424, 425)

31. [§2.77] Money Laundering (Pen C §186.10)

32. [§2.78] Pandering (Pen C §266i)

33. [§2.79] Perjury (Pen C §118)

34. [§2.80] Pimping (Pen C §266h)

35. [§2.81] Prison Offenses (Pen C §§404(a), 404.6, 4573.6, 4573.8, 4573.9, 4574)

36. [§2.82] Receiving Stolen Property (Pen C §496(a))

37. [§2.83] Reckless Driving Causing Specific Bodily Injuries (Veh C §23105)

38. [§2.84] Resisting Arrest (Pen C §§69, 148(b)–(d), 148.10)

39. [§2.85] Robbery (Pen C §§211, 212.5)

40. Sex Offenses

a. [§2.86] Annoying or Molesting Child (Pen C §647.6(b), (c)(1), (c)(2))

b. [§2.87] Contacting Minor or Communicating With Minor With Intent to Commit Sex Offense (Pen C §288.3(a))

c. [§2.88] Arranging Meeting or Attending Meeting With Minor for Lewd Purpose (Pen C §288.4)

d. [§2.89] Continuous Sexual Abuse of Child (Pen C §288.5(a))

e. [§2.90] Harmful Matter Sent to Minor With Deviant Sexual Intent (Pen C §288.2(a))

f. [§2.91] Lewd Act With Child or Dependent Person (Pen C §288)

g. [§2.92] Oral Copulation (Pen C §288a)

h. [§2.93] Sexual Penetration (Pen C §§289, 264.1)

i. [§2.94] Rape (Pen C §§261, 262, 264.1)

j. [§2.95] Sexual Acts With Child 10 Years of Age or Younger (Pen C §288.7)

k. [§2.96] Sexual Battery (Pen C §243.4(a)–(d))

l. [§2.97] Sodomy (Pen C §286)

m. [§2.98] Unlawful Sexual Intercourse (Pen C §261.5)

41. [§2.99] Solicitation to Commit Felony (Pen C §§653f, 653j)

42. [§2.100] Speed Contest Causing Specified Bodily Injuries (Veh C §23109.1)

43. [§2.101] Stalking (Pen C §646.9)

44. [§2.102] Threats, Criminal (Pen C §422)

45. [§2.103] Theft, Grand ((Pen C §§368, 484, 484.1, 486, 487, 487h, 487j, 488, 490.2, 491, 503))

46. [§2.104] Threatening Witnesses, Victims, or Informants (Pen C §140(a))

47. [§2.105] Torture (Pen C §206)

48. [§2.106] Trafficking of Personal Identifying Information (Pen C §530.5)

49. [§2.107] Vandalism, Felony (Pen C §594(a), (b)(1))

C. Miscellaneous Instructions

1. [§2.108] Accomplices

2. [§2.109] Aiders and Abettors

3. [§2.110] Admissions and Confessions (Oral)

4. [§2.111] Alibi

5. [§2.112] Burden of Proof

a. [§2.113] Reasonable Doubt—When Defendant Has Burden

b. [§2.114] Reasonable Doubt—When Prosecution Has Burden

c. [§2.115] Proof by Preponderance of the Evidence

6. [§2.116] Burglary

7. [§2.117] Cautionary Instructions

8. [§2.118] Circumstantial Evidence

9. [§2.119] Comment on Evidence

10. [§2.120] Compassionate Marijuana Use

11. [§2.121] Consciousness of Guilt

12. [§2.122] Conspiracy

13. [§2.123] Controlled Substances

14. [§2.124] Corpus Delicti

15. [§2.125] Corroborating Evidence

16. [§2.126] Death Penalty—Special Circumstances

17. [§2.127] Defenses

18. [§2.128] Definition of Terms

19. [§2.129] Duress

20. [§2.130] Entrapment

21. [§2.131] Evidence

22. [§2.132] Failure to Stop After Vehicle Accident

23. [§2.133] False Pretense, Proof of

24. [§2.134] Flight, Effect of

25. [§2.135] Honest but Unreasonable Belief

26. [§2.136] Imperfect Defense of Others

27. [§2.137] Insanity

28. [§2.138] Intoxication

29. [§2.139] Judicially Noticed Facts—Duty to Accept

30. [§2.140] Manslaughter

31. [§2.141] Mental Incapacity

32. [§2.142] Mistake of Fact

33. [§2.143] Mistake of Law

34. [§2.144] Multiple Defendants; Multiple Unlawful Acts

35. [§2.145] Murder

36. [§2.146] Necessity, Defense of

37. [§2.147] Nullification

38. [§2.148] Perjury

39. [§2.149] Privilege

40. [§2.150] Proximate Cause

41. [§2.151] Restraints on Defendant or Witness

42. [§2.152] Self–Defense

43. [§2.153] Sex Offender Registration

44. [§2.154] Sexually Violent Predator

45. [§2.155] Solicitation

46. [§2.156] Specific Intent

47. [§2.157] Syndromes, Expert Testimony on

48. [§2.158] Unconsciousness

49. [§2.159] Verdict

50. [§2.160] Victim Anonymity

51. [§2.161] Witnesses

3

Selected Common Instructional Errors

I. [§3.1] SCOPE OF CHAPTER

II. COMMON ERRORS

A. [§3.2] Defendant Testifying—When Adverse Inference May Be Drawn (CALCRIM 361; CALJIC 2.62)

B. [§3.3] "Pinpoint" Instructions

C. [§3.4] Eyewitness Identification (CALCRIM 315; CALJIC 2.92)

D. [§3.5] Proof Need Not Show Actual Date of Crime (CALCRIM 207; CALJIC 4.71)

E. [§3.6] Verdict May Be Based on One of a Number of Unlawful Acts (CALCRIM 3500; CALJIC 17.01)

1. [§3.7] Illustrative Cases

2. Exceptions to CALCRIM 3500 (CALJIC 17.01) Requirement

a. [§3.8] Alternative Legal Theories of Culpability

b. [§3.9] Continuous Course of Conduct

c. [§3.10] When More Than One Act Can Be Element of Offense

d. [§3.11] Conspiracy Cases

e. [§3.12] Child Molestation Cases

3. [§3.13] Prosecution Elects One Act Among Many

F. [§3.14] Distinguishing Attempts From Lesser Included Offenses

G. [§3.15] Distinguishing Defenses From Lesser Included Offenses

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PRODUCT GROUP Publication
PRACTICE AREA Criminal Law
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PRODUCT GROUP Publication
PRACTICE AREA Criminal Law